Sustainable water management and support to reduce the vulnerability of women by enabling safe drinking water along with improved sanitation and hygiene practice to deprived section of communities
This project will be focused on very poor / Dalit families and the women and children of these families will get benefited from this and will be strengthened by social, economic and educational status and will join the mainstream of society.
Inadequacy of water and its poor quality are the major challenges in many parts of Rajasthan. The state has the highest incidence of drought in the country, between 1901 and 2002 itself, there have been 48 drought years of varied intensity, which means that the chance of occurrence of a meteorological drought in the state is 47 percent. (Source: International Finance Cooperation, World Bank Group 2013). Recurrent drought and unavailability of water in villages results in consumption of contaminated water, affecting health of human being. Low rainfall also affects agricultural yield, food security and economic status of families.
Collecting rain water from the roof top is seen as cost effective and sustainable solutions to improve the availability of safer drinking water among marginalized communities and above and all where these communities are forced to compromise on the quality as the ground water is mostly saline and not suitable for consumption. It mitigates the negative effects of drought and water scarcity in the form of simple, small scale, low cost structure. Such works provide adequate quantity of drinking water.
This project is aimed at providing safer and sustainable supply of drinking water to marginalized communities in 1 villages of Dudu block by constructing Roof-top Rain Water Harvesting Structures (RRWHS). The project villages are located near the famous Salt Lake named ‘Sambhar Salt Lake’ (largest inland salt lake in India). The ground water contains high salinity along with higher fluoride levels, which is not used for drinking purpose for both human population and cattle and it is also not good for irrigation purpose. The high salinity in the area during drought period affects the bio-diversity (both flora and fauna) adversely and making the situation alarming. Only rainwater harvested in earthen ponds and roof rainwater stored in ‘Tankas’ and other devices serves the needs of the local population in the area. Wells are the only source of irrigation and depth of wells are on an average 80 ft so majority of wells are not capable to irrigate the farmers field for rabi crops (winter crops) so poor families are force to migrate to earn livelihood. Hardly rabi crops were sown in the project village in condition of drought or low rainfall.
Due to this situation the children and women were most sufferers since children were forced to leave schools and migrated with their parents to other places. Women and girls / even small children fetched drinking from far flung areas. Women and children were not getting nutritive foods which were causing malnutrition in children and pregnant women. It was noted that in summers water is collected by digging shallow holes into dry river beds. These areas are prone to contamination and could be situated any kilometers away, making water collection more labor intensive.
Prayas Kenda Sanstha has started a pilot project in 2013 - 2016 in one backward village namely Charasada, in association with WaterHarvest and another project covering two more villages Bhojpur and Chhapya. By implementing roof top rainwater harvesting structure water availability as well as water quality has improved in these villages. Results have shown that RRWHS is successful in supplying readily available and safe water. Successful and productive project encouraged to upscale RRWHs in other villages.
This new project is proposed in 1 village that incorporated the learning and recommendation of final evaluation. It will focus on water safety and quality management aspects of water too.
The goal of this project is to develop safer and sustainable source of drinking water for marginalized and poorest of poor families in 1 village of Dudu block.
The proposed project villages are located in Dudu block of Jaipur district (Rajasthan), which was severely affected by drought during last five years (2005 – 2009). The project area is also located near the famous salt lake named ‘Sambhar Salt Lake’ (largest in India). Due to this, the ground water is suffering by high salinity (also fluoride content) which is not used for drinking purpose for both human population and cattle and it is also not good for irrigation purpose. Moreover the quality of ground water is not good, water in the sources (bore well and open wells) is also contaminated by fluoride which is making people sick and impacting to their health but people have to use this water for drinking uses in absence of any other alternatives. Villages faces drought situation is every 4-5 years so they need to drink the saline water because the water in bore well and open wells also finishes hence they need to drink whichever water they have as well as they need to spend additional money to purchase the fodder and grain for their survival, the poorest family does not survive in such conditions. This also leads to the distress migration in the village, people go to the other areas with their small ruminants and they used to come once in four to six months